Fingering/string crossing sequences to avoid
Pretty straight forward - are there fingering sequences you tend to avoid or recommend avoiding. Obviously it is good to have facility even with inconvenient fingerings, but I suppose when you actually want to play something optimally that isn't a consideration.
For example, do you avoid 1st finger on higher string to 4th finger on lower string?
Or is this too context dependent to have straight-forward answers?
Here's a recent blog post on this topic that you might find useful: https://www.violinist.com/blog/markrushviolin/20215/28759/
I'm working on Mendelssohn mov. 3. In the 16th-note passagework (spiccato/sautille), I was thinking that some of the sequences would make sense to play with a 4th finger rather than an open string 1-2-3-4 rather than 1d-2d-3d-0a, in order to group them into 4s, and I was practicing with slurs that way, but when I started trying to bring the speed up in spiccato, I found that 1-2-3-0 was much more comfortable, possibly because the up-bow on the new string is a natural part of the movement. If I was playing slurred, I would probably do 1-2-3-4, and it's entirely possible that playing it detache would have its own feeling.
Isn't it a common gripe amongst music educators that well-meaning young students will insist on using the fourth finger over the open string—and play it out of tune? I heard that somewhere.
I think it is worth experimenting, not only to find the fingerings that suit your technical chops but also to express what you want the music to say.
The fingered octaves on the last page of the Sibelius VC's first movement causes me strife.
Mike just practice fingered tenths. Then fingered octaves will seem easy.
"do you avoid 1st finger on higher string to 4th finger on lower string?"
The combination that I try to avoid is what I call "cross-fingering", the diminished 5th on two strings. That puts the higher number finger over the nail of the lower number finger. You put the lower number finger down first, then put the higher number finger over it. Sometimes that is in reverse order of when those notes happen in time. I prefer to do the dim. 5th 1-4, or find a way to shift out of it.
I don't have a problem with diminished fifths, as long as I have planned the fingering.
I was taught early on violin that you use open strings rather than 4th finger when you are ascending and 4th finger rather than open string when descending, and open e was particularly disfavored. However, once you begin to play more advanced music, these rules are only somewhat helpful to the extent they are useful to begin with because of the complexity of many of the passages. So, I began to go with whatever seemed to work best and go into higher positions to avoid open e.
In fast passages a more useful rule is to use the open string if that allows you to cross to the next higher string downbow, or the next lower string upbow...
On F. Kutchler's Violin Method, Book 2, pg.173 he explain in the next 20 pages everything about fingerings on changing of strings and / or positions, every do and don't of when to use open strings or 4th finger, when to change position based on bowing, slurring or not, etc. it's the most complete and compreensive study about the subject i know of, and this changed completely how i change fingers / strings based on my bowing.
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