Who's Your Worst Enemy? I am.
Is a student's worst enemy themselves, and how does one build confidence to change this? What techniques would strengthen their resilience?
Trying to get in on the clickbait title game, eh? Alright...
Surely "grit" is more or less innate, while self discipline can be learned.
Do you expect answer from the point of view of a student or of a teacher?
Cotton, neither of you will beat "buying human bones".
Success breeds confidence. Move the student along at a pace where they can have successful moments. A "lower level" piece played well in a recital, for example, is better than a "stretch" piece played poorly.
The sad reality is that grit is usually determined in a student before the teacher ever gets to them. This is because the entire supporting structure around the student's life is what shapes their perseverance, and that has to do mainly with the family/peers of the student, rather than the student themself.
As a psychologist who has co-authored 2 books on academic underachievement (see below, if you're interested), and having spent the better part of my career dealing with the issue of motivation, I can tell you the following.
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