In "The Art of Violin", Ivry Gitlis talks about how great violinists used to deliberately play certain notes out of tune to provide "color".
Itzhak Perlman notes that nowadays, everybody tries to play everything with "perfect pitch". Yet Laurent Korcia observed that Isaac Stern "has a way of playing out of tune that sounds right".
In the recording world, I've heard Nathan Milstein deliberately play a C# in the D-minor section of the Dvorak Concerto sharp and then do it exactly the same way when the motif repeated.
When I'm playing the Tchaikovsky Violin Concerto 2nd movement, I'll play the final C# of the opening stanza in third position slightly sharp before going into the D-harmonic.
Bear in mind I'm not talking about intonational "mistakes" that happen when one is trying to play in perfect pitch. Nor is this thread an opportunity to take poorly concealed shots at the playing of certain violinists just because you don't like them as people. This is an honest attempt to explore the nuances of intonation and see if there are further possibilities on which imperfect intonation can create the kind of "color" Gitlis and Korcia were talking about.
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