Does Hahn use Dominant/Pirastro Gold E combo?

February 28, 2005 at 05:50 AM ·

Replies (57)

February 28, 2005 at 12:28 PM · You are correct. I believe she lists what she uses on her website.

February 28, 2005 at 01:49 PM · Hi,

Yes she does... It was mentioned in Strings magazine a while back. Cheers!

February 28, 2005 at 11:18 PM · Greetings,

that`s right. teh only thing that bothers me is if she had really been getting into the subject of the movie then wouldn`t she be using plain gut strings?



March 1, 2005 at 05:17 AM · Hi everyone!

I tried to post this as another thread, but it didn't go through... So, I thought I would past it here.

Everybody seems to be interested in the string combos of artists (including me of course!), so I did some research to try and find out what they used including newer and older artists. Enjoy and if anyone knows of anything different than what I have posted, please let me know.

Jascha Heifetz : Goldbrokat Medium E, Plain Gut A&D, Wound G (don’t know the brand). That he used until the end of his performing career judging by the album photos from the 1960’s that I saw.

Nathan Milstein : Same as Heifetz in the 1950’s with a Eudoxa G, but he moved to using an Eudoxa G&D, plain gut A and Goldbrokat E in the 1960’s. I have been told by someone who saw him in the 1970’s that by then he was using an Eudoxa A as well.

Zino Francescatti : From an album from the late 50’s or early 60’s that I saw, he was using a Eudoxa G, Kaplan Silver D, Eudoxa A and Goldbrokat Medium E.

David Oistrakh : Eudoxa D and G, Prim Steel A (or Chromecore) and a Prim E.

* On a historical note here, the first person to use and recommend the use of a steel A with two wound gut core lower strings was Carl Flesch.

Arthur Grumiaux : Used an Eudoxa A, D, G. Couldn’t figure out the E. In the 1970’s, I saw a cover where he used the Eudoxa steel A, and gut on the two lower strings.

Henryk Szeryng : Used a Eudoxa D and G, a Kaplan A and either a Gold Label E or Kaplan E (they look so alike!). He did also use Olives for the D and G, and on the last filmed broadcast he did for Radio-Canada, he used Olive D and G, plain gut A and a Gold Label E from what I could tell.

Isaac Stern : Used the Eudoxa A, D, G and a Goldbrokat Medium E. Later in his career he kept the E but switched to Dominants.

Frank Peter Zimmerman : Uses Olives for the A, D, G and a Hill E.

Thomas Zehetmair : Unless he has changed, he use to use a full set of Olives.

Pinchas Zukerman : Used Eudoxas until the Dominants came out which he still uses (including the E, I think...). He was the first soloist to switch to Dominants.

Itzhak Perlman : Used Eudoxa in his early career than switched to the traditional combo of Dominants with the Gold Label E.

Hilary Hahn : Dominants with a Gold Label E.

Maxim Vengerov : Used to use Dominants but recently switched to a full set of Pirazzi.

Vadim Repin : Don’t know what he used before but he is currently playing on a full set of Pirazzi.

Ilya Gringolts : He uses Evah Pirazzi at the moment.

Gil Shaham : Uses Dominants and a Jargar E (don’t know which gauge).

Midori : Uses Dominants and had a Synoxa E for a while, but it could also be Jargar Forte E which looks similar.

Stefan Jackiw : Uses Dominants and a Jargar Forte E.

So far, that is all I could find. If anyone feels like adding anything (or correcting me!), please feel free to do so.

Cheers everyone!

March 1, 2005 at 06:57 AM · As far as I know, Josh Bell uses Pirazzi's.

March 1, 2005 at 10:02 AM · .

March 1, 2005 at 05:37 PM · Hi Christian,

I was listening to Milstein's last recital yesterday and thinking he was playing on a gut A (which he loved to do). Listen to the shifts in some of the short pieces (I forget which one in which it was really clear) and you will hear the little "clicks" you get when you shift on a gut string. I think I remember him using a gut A in the master classes and talking about it - but now it is too dim in my fading memory (hehe) to know for sure.


March 2, 2005 at 01:51 AM · Hi:

David: Thanks. You are right. Pirastro lists Joshua Bell as a Pirazzi artist. Thanks!

Keith: You're welcome. My pleasure.

Lisa: Thanks too. I am sure that you are right. It was a Toronto luthier who saw Milstein and his violin in the late 1970's, early 80's who told me that. But, I have never see a photo of him with anything like a wound A. I will listen to the last recital again and look at the photo to make sure. Thanks for the pointer! I drool every time I hear about you have the opportunity to work with Milstein.


March 2, 2005 at 02:03 AM · Hi again,

My orginal post did go through. I put in some updates there...


March 3, 2005 at 05:11 PM · Great list, Christian, thanks for posting it!

March 3, 2005 at 05:25 PM · Someone give Christian two stars.

March 3, 2005 at 05:59 PM · Hi,

Mike and Tom: Thank you very very much and you are welcome!

Here are some updates to the list...

Ricci: Now using Vision strings (thanks for Buri for letting me know - he saw it in Strad magazine). In the past he has played Dominants, and before that, Eudoxa.

Anne-Sophie Mutter: Dominants with some kind of E... looks like a Gold Label or Golden Spiral.

Joshua Bell: Now listed by Pirastro as a Pirazzi user.

Julian Rachlin: Said on this site that he uses Tonica D&G with a Jargar A and a Kaplan Golden Spiral E.

Cho-Liang Lin: Started his career on Eudoxa, but quickly switched to Dominants (including the E as I saw on an old CBS LP cover), and is now using Infelds which he finds more reliable (according to his statements in Strings magazine).

Aaron Rosand: Listed on the Pirastro site as now using Tonica Weich (Silver D) since the late 90's. Strange though as he swore by the traditional Eudoxa G&D and the pure gut A with some E until then. Even forced his own students to use that string setup.

Feel free to add on... Cheers everyone!

March 3, 2005 at 06:52 PM · Thanks for the great list. A few minor comments/questions:

1] Regarding Mutter, in her recent recordings, her violin tone did not sound like Dominant strings at all. The tone in her recent recordings did not have the shinning leading-edge sound quality frequently associated with Dominant. I wonder how much audio engineering had occurred.

2] I thought Zukerman uses Westminster E, at least some times.

3] Cho-liang Lin uses the blue version of Infeld.

4] Does anyone know why most soloists no longer use Goldbrokat E, compared to thirty years ago?


March 3, 2005 at 06:47 PM · Hi,

PW: Thanks for the comments/questions. I don't know about the Anne-Sophie Mutter thing... But I do know that she uses Dominants. Maybe someone else can clear that up... Thanks for the clarification about Zukerman's E. It's possible (I inquired with someone who knows him well and he couldn't answer the question of the E). I went from covers, but the Westminster E would make sense.

About the Goldbrokat E... In my opinion and experience it is a great match for gut/gut core strings. It helps to brighten things up. Why things are different now... hmmm... different strings with different characteristics?


March 3, 2005 at 07:25 PM · Hmm if I remember right, Sarah Chang uses Dominants but I know she uses Jargar and Westminster for her E strings.

March 3, 2005 at 09:28 PM · I think Anne-Sophie Mutter now uses the Infeld Blues and Kaplan Golden Spiral Solo E. The peg end of her A,D,G strings in her most recent photos are blue instead of the Dominant purple.

March 3, 2005 at 09:33 PM · I have heard that some players prefer Olives but switch back and forth to Eva P's depending upon climate and venue.

Maybe some of these really good players switch around too.

March 4, 2005 at 05:29 PM · Hi,

Thanks for adding. Michael, although I think that great players do experiment, they tend to stick to something for a while. And except for a couple of people, most soloists use synthetics because of pitch stability, brilliance and power.


April 27, 2005 at 11:40 AM · I like to change my make of strings from time to time: it gives me an insight into other aspects of what my fiddle will do. A bit like having a different instrument for a couple of weeks.

By then the strings have settled in, and I get used to the sound. I am not so sure that, after the initial period, some makes are all that different from each other anyway.

We get so involved in listening for the minutest subtleties, and our brains pull all kinds of tricks on us. I certainly get "listening fatigue" when playing many different instruments one after the other. I wonder whether what I notice with new strings of different makes is more to do with them being new, than being different. I am certain I cannot remember exactly what that G-string was like 2 months ago.


August 5, 2005 at 03:19 AM · Believe it or not, I had a chance to speak with Ms Hahn after her perfromance in Shanghai recently. She told me she uses Dominants, and her violin is a Vuillaume. Lovely gal, and a real inspiration for my daughter. Had the audience spell bound with her recital.

Very intersting to read here what the pros use.

August 5, 2005 at 06:13 PM · I'm going to learn the score to the Village if it kills me. I have been in violin for about a year and have yet to learn how to read music. I just can't retain it.....everything I learn is by ear. But have been complimented by my instructor for the talent of said ear.

I've tried to find the sheet music for it so he can work with me during sessions so I can learn it. There are parts that are hard to hear on the soundtrack but transcribing it by ear is the best I can do for now.

It's a shame the sheet music for the soundtrack is not available for purchase.

August 26, 2005 at 02:14 AM · What I find most interesting is that so many great players have an identifiable "sound" regardless of what strings or even what instrument they use.

I also find it interesting that there are so very many strings available, so many combinations and options for performing on a high level. Of course, there are a great many sub-standard strings as well, and you don't see them on the lists above, so obviously the strings do make a difference. If there were only a half-dozen or so viable choices it would make it a lot simpler (and cheaper).

February 1, 2006 at 06:46 PM · Gil Shaham uses the forte gauge of Jargar

Anne Sophie Mutter uses a Corelli Steel viola a-string hence low tension. Sounds weird but I know for sure.

April 25, 2006 at 06:03 PM · I think too much focusing on the kind of strings will not do much. Why wondering which string so and so player uses? Guys, it's NOT the string, it's the "stringer" who makes them sound.

The instrument has more to do with the sound characteristics than do the strings. And you'll never get the same sound out of YOUR violin with the kind of strings they use on THEIR particular violin.

About recording-guessing, forget that. How the instrument is microphoned counts for a lot of the suond qualities you hear. For instance, some mics can "show" the brilliant/edge side of the tone, while others won't. The engeneers also have a say in this.

Maybe we can ask ourselves what kind of PLAYING they do instead of the kind of string they use.

I don't mean to be disrespectful here, please understand I am just telling my opinion.


April 25, 2006 at 06:24 PM · Amen, Rigo. Wondering what strings they use, what rosin they use and whether they do or do not use a shoulder rest has a sort of intellectual interest but is probably a waste of time IMHO. The strings/rosin that brings out the best in your particular violin may be ones that no famous violinist uses. Only your luthier can advise you.

April 25, 2006 at 06:49 PM · Christian, from your list of fiddlers and the strings they use.......hasn't Ilya been talking about his gut strings? I don't think those are Pirazzis! :)


April 25, 2006 at 07:01 PM · Why not log onto her website and ask her directly.

April 25, 2006 at 08:37 PM · Ilya loves gut strings. He makes his own with alley cats. It's really quite sick.

April 25, 2006 at 09:55 PM · Don't joke about killing poor little cats, you awful man! :)

April 25, 2006 at 11:06 PM · I'm interested in the strings Vanessa Mae uses, particularly the G.

April 26, 2006 at 01:54 AM · Hi,

Maura, at the time I wrote that list, Ilya was using Pirazzi. Now he uses Olivs (thinnest gauge) and raves about him. Things change I guess.


April 26, 2006 at 03:00 AM · Oh my, Pieter, I can't get over how hilarious you are. The comment about the cats was pretty sick, but I found myself laughing at it anyway (me! Laughing about an animal joke! And I'm the animal rights activist here...) HAHAHAHAHA, gut strings, alley cats... oh, man.

April 26, 2006 at 07:06 PM · Gut strings actually come from sheep. Baaaaa

April 26, 2006 at 07:34 PM · And tennis racquet gut comes from cows, mooooo...

February 6, 2007 at 03:51 AM · Hi, could anyone recommend an E-string that would go well with Infeld Blues?

February 6, 2007 at 12:48 PM · Maybe try the Gold Label E. It was my favorite E that I tried, it has a nice bright powerful sound. Right now I'm using Evah Pirazzis, but they seem to be too tempermental and are pretty expensive, so I'm going to switch back to dominants with a Gold Label E.

February 10, 2007 at 03:32 AM · Rigo-- Thank you for your comments which are entirely correct!!

And yet, also true: it's not for nothing they call these "string instruments". The strings do matter.

December 9, 2007 at 10:07 PM · If you go to and check out the violin strings, they have a list of musicians who use the strings you're looking at at the bottom. Itzhak perlman uses dominants, and Josh Bell DOES use pirazzis but with Goldbrokat E.

July 22, 2008 at 12:53 AM ·

July 22, 2008 at 03:06 AM · One of Dominant's "biggest" ads is a picture of Hilary Hahn with Dominants on her violin, I suppose that implies she does use them?

July 22, 2008 at 03:07 AM ·

July 24, 2008 at 10:13 PM · Gold E. She discussed it in Strings, and on her website,, as well.

July 24, 2008 at 10:54 PM · I think I read a comment stating that she felt that she didn't want to invest time experimenting with strings, etc...focusing on the music was much more important.

April 16, 2009 at 11:47 PM ·

Wow, lots of Dominants. You'd think people would do otherwise just to be speshal.

Violinists tend to carry a stereotype of being conservative, but it's interesting how pragmatic they/we can also be.

April 17, 2009 at 11:18 PM ·

I love Goldbrokat E's. The fact that you can get them for practically a little over a single US dollar also makes me happy. :)

April 17, 2009 at 11:23 PM ·

Greetings. You said it Gene!  Only prunes and love are cheaper and a smuch fun.



April 18, 2009 at 01:53 AM ·

I think she does.  I have her documentary and from close-ups, GD and A are purple up top and E is green, which is pirastro gold.  that's the set up i have on my violin!

April 18, 2009 at 04:58 AM ·


I hope that neither your love nor your prunes turn rusty so quickly.


April 19, 2009 at 10:14 PM ·

Hi everyone, I am back in NYC right now until April 26th, and I'm doing quite a bit of violin playing. This afternoon, I was over at Butterfield 8. Tonight I will play at the Algonquin Hotel. Tomorrow I will play at Birdland, and there are some other spots as well. I have always used the combination of Dominants and the Gold Label E. Many people say that the Dominants do not hold up well, but I have never had a problem with them. They have served me so well over the years, and I get a gorgeous sound out of my violin.


December 27, 2012 at 02:47 AM · According to Wikipedia, Heifetz used a domestic gut string called 'Tricolore.' The company that was based in Indiana stopped production in the 1970's. In the past five years, a company called Gamut Strings (in Duluth, Minnesota) started making 'Tricolore' strings again. They bought the machinery used to make the strings, and the formula.

According the the Gamut strings website, Heifetz used a Tricolore medium gauge wound gut G-string, a Tricolore medium gauge unvarnished/unwound gut D-string, a Tricolore medium gauge unvarnished/unwound gut A-string, and a Goldbrokat '26' steel E-string.

December 27, 2012 at 02:53 AM · It is rumored that Itzhak Perlman uses a Westminster 27.5 gauge E-string. Can anyone confirm/substantiate this?

December 27, 2012 at 03:58 AM · Yes - I go to the same luthier as he does. I'm pretty sure he uses a set of Dominants (with aluminum D) with the Westminster heavy E on all of his violins.

March 1, 2015 at 03:47 AM · I spoke to Anne Akiko Meyers after a recital last month - she said she was using Pirazzi Gold strings. For some reason, I neglected to ask which violin she was playing that night.

March 1, 2015 at 01:27 PM · A quick check on Ms. Hahn's blog confirms that your investigations are correct. That is the string setup she says she normally uses.

March 2, 2015 at 04:11 AM · I believe Janine Jansen uses a full set of Evah Pirazzis.

March 2, 2015 at 11:59 AM · Ms Hahn on Dominants, Mr Heifetz with plain gut D & A, Primrose returning to plain gut D & A;

Evahs and Visions with (v. slightly) lower-tension variants.

Are we hankering after "real" violin tone, after all?

March 2, 2015 at 05:56 PM · There are a lot of good strings since Dominants but many of these players are too busy to be experimenting with other strings!

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