It is my understanding that, when shifting into third position, we relocate the hand to place first finger on the third finger's 'natural' position - so even if we're playing in E major, the thumb (if using the 'opposite first finger' technique, which I do) will be in the natural position and the first finger will reach forward into the sharp position.
However, I'm mighty confused about the technicalities of second position: Samuel Applebaum's String Builder book implies that there are *two* second positions, according to whether you're using a wide second finger or a close one. I find this difficult to grasp; let's imagine we're playing in G major, so we'll have a sharp F on the D string, but a natural C on the A. What should the thumb's position be in this case? Please help!
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