The way I understand things:
dot under note= martele. Stop the bow after each stroke, and clearly articulate each note. Spiccato is when the notes are played off the string. Staccato is when the notes are in a slur (?)
line = detache. Emphasize the note by making it louder, but the tone should be even, not accented. Often the note is slightly separated from the rest. If they are in a slur, it's called portato.
Also, I've gathered that there are different kinds of detache, and that simple eight notes are often played detache (smooth, continuous bow strokes).
What I'm confused about:
My teachers have usually called notes with dots under them staccato. So, what's the difference between staccato and martele? Also, I looked up martele and detache in an encyclopedia of music terms, and they were used almost interchangably. Why is that? And is there a marking for notes that are to be played lagato, or is it just understood?
Thanks, I used to think that all these marks were easy, and I just play them like I think they should sound. Now I need to explain it to other people and I'm becoming confused.
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