How to Find a Great Music Teacher For Your Child

August 11, 2010, 1:56 PM ·

The world is full of terrific music teachers, but unfortunately, there are also bad ones.

I met my worst music teacher in New York City, at 19, when I was studying violin at a conservatory. The school sent me to an internationally-famous violinist who taught out of his posh Greenwich Village apartment. I was thrilled.

As it turned out, this teacher had a unique way of communicating: When I played something wrong, his foot would lash out in a reflexive kick - landing on my rear end (luckily, he wore house slippers). After a few lessons, I was out of there.

A year later, I found of the best teachers I've ever had. This man was not famous, rich, or even a world-class violinist. He was a rumpled new immigrant, living in a tiny walkup apartment in Queens.

He turned out to be a fantastic, creative and inspirational teacher. At 20, my playing blossomed almost overnight. Thanks to him, I passed my very first audition for a professional symphony orchestra.

Many adults have anecdotes like this. Sometimes, the worst teachers make the funniest stories. What isn't so humorous is that they can drive talented youngsters away from music, sometimes forever. We do not want this to happen to our own children.

Now I am a director of a music school, as well as parent of musically-accomplished children. I know that anyone can hang a shingle declaring themselves a music teacher. But to find the gems, you have to proceed carefully and do your homework.


Start with research.

1. ASK EVERYONE YOU KNOW. Aim for at least three recommendations, just as if you were choosing an orthodontist. While collecting names, also ask what they charge.

2. LOOK ON THE WEB: When you reach the website of a music teacher or school web, look for student performance videos. Watch them for high standards. If you know nothing about music, email the link to musical friends and ask them whether the students have a good teacher.

3. ATTEND A RECITAL: If all the students play badly, head for the hills! A few struggling beginners in a recital is absolutely normal and appropriate; but there should also be beautiful players.

If the teacher does not have student recitals, that's a red flag. The teacher may be hiding something (or even worse, lazy).


Have an in-depth conversation, with your child present. You should all be interviewing each other.

The important questions

• 'WHAT'S YOUR AVAILABILITY? You want a sense of the teachers' schedule. Teachers who are frequently out of town may not be the best choice. It never fails: Cancelled lessons = less practice. Too many breaks will hinder progress.

• 'ARE YOU A PROFESSIONAL MUSICIAN?' It would concern me if the teacher isn't in the music world, but just picking up a little extra money.

• 'DO YOUR STUDENTS PARTICIPATE IN OUTSIDE MUSICAL ACTIVITIES?' A good teacher exposes students to the wider world of music, and is not afraid to send them to outside venues: ensembles, camps, workshops, etc. It's even better if their students play in top-quality youth orchestras, and win competitions.

• 'WHAT LEVELS DO YOU TEACH?' You want a good fit. If your child is just starting out, look for a teacher with an organized beginning method, and a proven track record. Other teachers may take only advanced students, for pre-professional training.

"Many levels" can also be a good answer. I chose my daughter's violin teacher after attending his student recital. He headed the strings department at an excellent school, and I was impressed that he taught a wide range of students, from advanced beginners through highly accomplished.

• DO YOU HAVE A SPECIFIC APPROACH TO TEACHING?' It's good if they can articulate their methods and ideas. If they can't, however, that's not necessarily a reason to cross them off. Musicians tend to be right-brained and 'out of the box'. Some can't explain, but can 'do'.

• 'WHAT DO YOU EXPECT OF STUDENTS?' Look for long- and short-term expectations. Long-term goals might be "Participate in recitals every three months." Short-term goals relate to daily practice.

• 'DO YOU PUT ASSIGNMENTS IN WRITING?' A teacher who supports goals in writing - with practice charts, notebooks, and entries at every lesson - is a good teacher.

• 'WHAT DO YOU EXPECT OF PARENTS?' One teacher asked me to be the stenographer during my daughter's lessons, so she could focus on teaching. Consider whether you are willing to do what is asked.

• 'WHAT IS YOUR FEE?' From talking to other parents, you should have an idea of the going rates in your area. But don't judge a teacher by the price. Subsidized programs (through schools or cities) will be less expensive, while in-demand teachers charge more. If you find a great teacher with fees beyond your budget, ask whether they have an assistant or protégé who charges less. You'll still have access to the main teacher.

A less important question:

• 'HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN TEACHING?' Some of the best teachers I've worked with are young. A year of teaching experience is not a reason to rule them out. It's safer to take a gamble on a less-experienced teacher if they're part of a larger music school, with a strong director.

Questions the teacher should ask you

An interested and responsive teacher will ask questions like, 'Does your child express an interest in music?' 'Does he have the ability to focus for 20 minutes?' 'How does she do in school?' 'Do the parents or grandparents have a musical background?' 'Is there a piano (or other instrument) in your home?' 'Do you (the parents) have time and energy to help children practice daily? '

The teacher should ask to hear your child play, if the student is not a beginner.


Now think about all the factors we've discussed. To recap, ask yourself if the teacher offers:

•High-quality teaching?


•Networking with outside musical organizations?

•Rapport with your child and you?


Plus, consider:

•The availability of the teacher

•The cost

•The location

For my own children, quality training, and an inspiring teacher are the two most important factors, and I'm willing to go the distance for them.

© 2010, Susan Pascale, All Rights Reserved.

Susan Pascale is founder and director of the nationally-acclaimed South Pasadena Strings Program, which teaches piano, violin, viola, cello, bass, guitar, and voice to preschoolers through adults in the Los Angeles area. Her children’s orchestras have been featured in many local and national publications, as well as MSNBC, KABC, KNBC, KTLA. She was honored on the nationally-syndicated Larry Elder show as a 'hero' for her work in youth music education. In 2009, her Children's Orchestra set a world record as the youngest orchestra ever to play at Carnegie Hall. The orchestra was also featured on PBS's Holiday Celebration program.  She is also the creator of the Pascale Method® of teaching violin, as well as the KinderPiano® and KinderViolin ® music education programs. Pascale teaches seminars, workshops to music educators and parents as well as students. For more information, and to see her students in action, go to


August 14, 2010 at 10:36 PM ·

 That's a good checklist. 

As an adult starter I had a difficult situation with one of my earlier teachers. Didn't make a single correction to my posture, technique, nothing - I had been playing for 9 months and, yes, I knew, I could not be perfect. But no instruction came from this instructor. when I started with my present teacher, I was on the first lesson, instructed in bow division, sound point, left wrist position, posture, violin scroll position.

The trouble was, having seen many of the previous students play (regular student recitals) some of them were really accomplished. I realise now, that they persevered to get a good sound,, but they were not going to be nearly as accomplished as they might have been with someone else instructing them.

Other difficulties with the earlier teacher included: having to wait, sometimes for as long as 30 minutes, while discussion with the previous student happened after class; arriving to find the previous student had a broken string, which was being replaced during my lesson time, and then waiting while that student played with the visiting accompanist (my lesson finally got going 80 minutes later). Having The instructor play through how something should sound, but with false starts and errors (the instructor ususally used Suzuki, but with me was agreeable to AMEB, I was doing Grade 3 material, claimed to be not familiar with the pieces). I would think this teacher would be a shocker for a child, although a lovely caring person in other respects.

August 15, 2010 at 04:09 PM ·

Thanks for this great article!  I reposted it to Facebook.  My only issue is the author's suggestion that a teacher who doesn't do annual recitals has something to hide or is lazy.  My students don't have traditional recitals but they do have an opportunity every month to participate in an Irish session and my more advanced students often have chances to perform with my band. Although I'm not sold on annual recitals, I would take issue with a teacher who provided no outlet for making music with others.


August 16, 2010 at 11:13 AM ·

I agree with Tara.  I know many, many fine teachers who also teach privately and in the public schools,  and do not have the time to put together recitals.  Unfortunately, teaching privately is not enough income to make a living. 

Myself, I have kept a small, select studio, and recitals for 3 students is terrifying for them.  I have encouraged and helped them prepare for competitions, auditions and encouraged them to participate in multiple youth orchestras.  When they are asked to play at their place of worship, I have helped them prepare for this and find that this is a great self confidence builder and they have less fear and stress after a couple of times.

Many of my students have come to me as they do not want to do recitals.  They come from teachers who have made them do recitals and not prepared them for that experiance.  Thus they have developed major fear of solo playing in public.



August 16, 2010 at 12:40 PM ·

This realy sounds solid!  I'm going to pass this on to a buddy of mine who's daughter is learning the violin and is in her 2nd year of playing.  He asked me if I would give her private lessons and I told him that honestly I am not a violin teacher.  I'll jam with her, may give some observations but teaching the violin is just as much of an art as learning it, meaning I have to learn how to teach it.  Just becfause a violinist can play it doe not neccessarily mean he or she can teach it!  I know this from past experience!

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