Mozart Violin Concerto No.4 Cadenza Recommendations?
I am currently working on the first movement of Mozart's Violin Concerto No.4 up against a timeline(need to perform it in 4 weeks). I have learned but not yet polished the bulk of the movement, but have not yet started to study the cadenza. Since my Barenreiter score only comes with Joachim's and Auer's, I probably want to choose between the two.
My teacher's opinion is that both are "pushing my upper limit" in terms of technique and that Joachim's one seems easier, but she herself has not played either of them(she only studied Mozarts No.5 before) so she is letting me decide.
Any recommendations and/or suggestions?
Edit: I have the option to perform from the score, as memorisation is kind of (very) difficult as I have a great number of other pieces to practice and perform as well. Not quite sure if this is relevant information though...
You are performing this concerto in four weeks, have not yet started studying the cadenza, and your teacher's opinion is that the Joachim cadenza (which I agree is easier than Auer) is "pushing your upper limits?" Yikes.
Joachim is the common cadenza, and probably should be the one to learn now. If you want to learn alternative cadenzas in the future, you could.
I suggest you compose your own cadenza, because many violinists do so.
Take a look at Oistrakh's edition for Moazart's #4, which includes Joachim's and Ferdinand David's version, which is very nice and has less notes to memorize. Very good "performance" edition (and cadenzas), IMHO.
Do you have to play a cadenza? I know, shocking question...but if I were you, I'd want to focus on memory, bow control, intonation, really dialing in the interpretation, etc. That concerto is deceptively challenging. (see what Nate Cole has to say about it here: http://www.natesviolin.com/violin-concerto-toughest-opening/)
You could cobble together a cadenza from one or two of the themes in the score and end with the appropriate trill to bring the ensemble back in. You don't have to play a cadenza that proves you are as good as Joachim or Auer.
Performing without cadenza is certainly an option under the circumstances.
As tutti violino and Andrew Victor said above, compose your own cadenza that is interesting and at a level you can perform. You could start from scratch, but if you haven't composed before, start with Joachim's, pull out the challenging sections and write your own. Get some inspiration from Oistrakh, and David, and phrases in Mozart #4 that you enjoy.
With respect, composing one's own cadenza may be a viable option for a professional, an experienced amateur with a lot of time, or a student with guidance from a teacher *and* a very long timeline.
"Improvisation was a great skill in Mozart's day. It is not so today" - Len Elschenbroich had me on the edge of my seat with his improvised cadenza(s) to the Haydn. No fireworks, but incredible musicianship expressed with perfect control and judgement of timings, etc.
My teacher composes his own cadenzas sometimes, and despite being experienced at doing so, I am pretty darn sure that he can't do so in a casual afternoon's work.
The Joachim cadenza does not seem all that hard until you realize that it's about half as long as the entire concerto movement and there aren't really any breaks in it.
I performed a cadenza that I wrote when I performed the 1st mvt of Mozart 3 with my schools orchestra. I composed it only two days before. It definitely wasn't as difficult as the one in my muisc (Franko), but both my conductor (who also teaches theory and AP theory, both of which I've taken) and my private lesson teacher thought it was good enough to use. I'd advise against composing one though unless you understand harmonic progressions and whatnot.
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