What's the difference between a Sonata and Partita?
Bach wrote both three sonatas and three partitas, but what is the difference between a his sonatas and his partitas?
The sonatas have movements like "Allegro" and "Andante." The partitas have movements that are dances like "Allemande" or "Gigue."
His Sonatas are strictly four movements: slow (the introduction, if you will), fugue, slow (cooldown from the dense fugue), and fast (a strong conclusion).
The sonatas were of the sonata da chiesa form-- i.e., intended to be played in church services. The partitas (which others might have called sonate da camera) were secular, and largely based on dances.
Thanks, this all answers my questions!
That was too quick: let's discuss shoulder rests instead!
@Adrian, That made my day!
Does anyone use different rosin between Bach Sonatas and Partitas for optimum tone performance?
Chris - I use the rosin which is recommended for the shoulder rest I use.
A partita is made of a single theme without constant changes, a sonata, very like some diminuitive concerti, is made of several themes with shiftings. A better comparison will be the difference between Brahms sonate and Bach Partita.
Tom, if you put rosin on the shoulder rest, doesn't it make a mess of your jacket?
The sonatas burn longer.
What if Tom's not wearing a jacket?
You have to change your strings after 3-5 partita's movements. For the sonatas, expect much longer sting life span.
A mouse will never be a sonata.
But not every mouse is a partita.
Admittedly, only the animal variety.