We've been talking a lot about the problem with late starters and the problem with early starters, and it's got me reflecting on the problem -- the problem with starting the violin, and continuing it.
Today when I was tuning little fiddles for my first graders at the public school, my student, A, a jubilant little girl who likes to be first in line, bounced up to me and announced that she could now play Suzuki's "Allegro," which is somewhere midway through the first Suzuki book. We've been singing the song as a game, so I had no doubt that she'd internalized the song. But play it on the violin? Considering that we just introduced the use of lefthand fingers a few weeks ago, and noting the number of stickers on her practice chart, I was more than a little skeptical.
"It's great that you want to play that song, but for now keep playing the Kangaroo Song to get your fingers ready to play it later," I said. "One day you'll play Allegro; maybe we can sing it today."
She took her place on the carpet, and as I tuned the others, I overheard a little bit of the Kangaroo Song. Then I heard her comment to a friend, "But I can play Allegro!"
Later in the class, each child got to play a solo of their choosing. My enthusiastic student came up to the front under the guise of playing the Kangaroo Song, lifted her violin to her chin, then said, "I'm going to prove to Mrs. Niles that I can play Allegro!"
Oh dear, I thought, but there she went. As she lifted her bow to the string, her eyes rolled upward, she smiled, and she started softly singing the song to herself, while moving her bow over an open Eing and fluttering her first finger vaguely up and down. A friend of hers said, "Um...?" and she stopped, smiling. She laughed and said, "I guess I forgot!"
"I'm glad you want to play it," I repeated, "But it wasn't really coming out of your violin. Let's get really good at the songs we are doing so we can play it later."
Now. An adult beginner, or a more sophisticated student, would never do this, right? Well actually...have you ever said, or heard, "Honestly, it sounded totally different at home!"
This, in a nutshell, is the problem. A problem, like an argument, isn't necessarily a negative thing. It's simply, according to my dictionary: "a question raised for inquiry, consideration or solution." The question is, "Will I ever be able to play what I want to play?"
To me the solution to the beginner's problem looks something like:
Enthusiasm + Direction + Daily Practice = Ability
My little student had wonderful enthusiasm, but she wasn't taking direction nor was she wasn't practicing what she needed to practice. (Teacher, DON'T kill the enthusiasm, just to put her in her place!)
The adult beginner usually has the enthusiasm. But an adult may question the direction so much that they go all over the place and don't actually head somewhere. Or their time for practice is so limited that they can't practice daily.
The early starter whose impetus comes from the parent may have a wonderful teacher to give direction, plus a parent to make practice happen every day, but if the enthusiasm doesn't grow in the student, it's all for naught.
So teachers, nurture all three in your students. Give them fun things to do along with good guidance, and keep on them to practice. That IS your job. And students, if you are not making progress, figure out where the deficiency lies. If you aren't practicing, well, duh. Then you need to practice, every day! Maybe your problem is lack of direction and needing a new teacher, but it also could be you refusing to listen to good direction and heed it.
The problem can be sneaky. Sometimes with all the direction and hard work practicing, you can get a slow leak in your enthusiasm bubble, and when you check it, you find it's completely deflated. Always be seeking that new inspiration -- a piece, a performance, the sound of something new, whatever fans your love for music.
The problem isn't that other people say you won't "make it." That's a straw man. You can solve the problem, if your goal truly is to play.
"He says he entitled that after knowing me," Meyers said, laughing. "Supposedly I was an angel off stage, but like a tigress on stage."
Recently I interviewed Anne in Los Angeles, and I also saw her play an intimate recital for L'Ermitage Foundation, with pianist Kevin Fitz-Gerald. She was in the area to also play the Mendelssohn Violin Concerto for series of concerts with the New West Symphony (which were met with great enthusiasm).
Schwantner does have a point.
Onstage, she wore an all-black, simple sleeveless gown, her dark hair slicked back, her wide smile punctuated with dimples. She began with selections from "Pulcinella" by Stravinsky, and after three notes from her 1730 "Royal Spanish" Strad, the luthier sitting next to me whispered to no one in particular, "WOW."
Meyers has an ease with her powerful instrument; She wears her technique like she wears her nose – it's simply a part of her. There's nothing tortured in Meyers' violin playing, nothing to distance the listener from it. She hasn't pasted something artificial to its surface, like a perma-vibrato or pressed sound; her sound is fluid and changeable.
During a passage of fast spiccato (a jumping-bow stroke), I jotted down, "it's so solid – one gets the feeling she could do it hanging from her knees, upside-down in a tree."
"I just had to take this out of the dusty vault and shine some light on it," she explained to the audience before playing Respighi's "Poema Autunnale," a piece I certainly was hearing for the first time. After a slow introduction, the piece revved up, giving way to some octaves and other passages that made me understand why the piece sleeps in silence – it's gnarly hard! Pretty soon she was playing attack chords – the musical equivalent of punching a punching bag. It looked so satisfying. Go girl! Get it out! Give 'em hell! But then it dissolved into harmonic glissandos, circular-sounding, calming down, thinning out.
At the end of her recital, she played "Somewhere Over the Rainbow," which she introduced as "one of the most beautiful tunes written in the American language."
"This kind of music just makes me so happy," she told me earlier in the day, speaking also of Charlie Chaplin’s "Smile." "It's so moving on such a deep level. It’s the lyrics, but it’s also the arrangements -- such a simple melody can hold such deep feeling. I think that’s what I absolutely crave and look for in any music."
Meyers, of Japanese and Caucasian descent, is wrought in the American language and culture as well. Born in San Diego, her father is a university president from Chicago and her mother is a painter from Tokyo. Anne started playing the violin at age four, and her journey as a violinist has taken her to concert stages from Carnegie Hall to Sydney, Australia. She has appeared on television shows and magazine covers all over the world. At age 11, she appeared twice on Johnny Carson's "Tonight Show," and at age 23 she was awarded an Avery Fisher Career Grant.
"I remember the day that I got the violin," she said. "I was standing on the couch in the living room and I was trying to play it upside down. My father walked over and said, 'No, actually, to make a sound with it, you flip it up.'"
It didn't take her too long to figure it out. Her first teacher was Suzuki teacher Shirley Helmick.
"She was wonderful in that she found it necessary and important for my development, to read music," Meyers said, "She had me read the notes from the start, so I was very thankful for that. I was told that everybody was supposed to learn a piece for Suzuki class, and I was the only one who came the next day and really learned it and memorized it. It just was instant, natural talent with the violin -- like some kind of strange happening."
At the time, her family lived in Ridgecrest, in California's Mojave Desert. When she was seven, they started driving to Pasadena for lessons with Alice Schoenfeld.
"My mom was making this trek, three hours each way, from the middle of the desert to take me to lessons until my father was able to secure another job," Anne said. " I just can’t even imagine doing it without the support and dedication of my family."
"Alice had this way of really making a visual impact with sound, like imagining even the luster of a
As a teenager, Meyers went to Indiana University, where she studied with Josef Gingold for what she called "a very short six months."
"I was way too young, 13 or 14 years old, and it seemed like everybody was a doctorate student," Meyers said. "They didn’t have a pre-college division back then, and so I was going to normal high school in Bloomington."
"After that, I played for Dorothy DeLay in Aspen, and she offered me a full scholarship to Juilliard," she said. "So my mom and my sister and I got into the Audi again and drove across the country. We turned around and thought about coming back to California, and then decided, oh, okay, the daisies are pointing east, so we’ll follow that.”
The family finally made it to New York, and they settled in Bedford Hills, where Meyers went to Bedford Hills High School. On the weekends she went to Juilliard pre-college, and "I fit right in to the Juilliard scene; everybody was basically my age," she said. Among her peers were Gil Shaham, Midori and Matt Haimovitz.
"Everybody was incredibly talented -- you just took it to be part of your air that you inhaled," she said. "Looking back, I realize how much talent was there."
Talent, and adolescent hyjinx.
"I remember those guys were always playing practical jokes. I had to lead the quartet with Gil (Shaham) and Misha (Keylin) and I think it was Chee-Yun Kim, and we were playing at Carnegie Hall," Meyers said. "I opened up the music, and there’s a photo of Sylvester Stallone, naked, in my part," she laughed. "It’s like, thanks, guys."
Now in her mid-30s, Meyers is a veteran of the violin soloist lifestyle.
"It is definitely a very challenging life and lifestyle," Meyers said. "When I was about 23, it was at the height of a lot of things. I just was in the middle of a recording session with Andrew Litton and the Philharmonia Orchestra. We were recording the Mendelssohn concerto, and I had this exclusive contract with RCA. I was playing maybe about 80 to 90 days a year, and traveling alone as a single woman, which has its challenges. I started to feel a numbness in my pinkie, and then it was announced that I’d won the Avery Fisher prize. Career-wise, it was just wonderful, but I felt like my life was just out of control. There was just a deep loneliness, and feeling of being so isolated. Eight o'clock comes, watch the monkey play. There’s that feeling, where you’re almost like a one-trick pony. You wonder, what is there, really, to this life? To be playing the same repertoire over and over and over again got to be so fatiguing."
"That’s when I learned about my body: stretching, massage therapy, becoming more holistic. Not having to say yes to everybody and everything, and being more in control of your projects," she said. "What really fascinates me is to have a project where I’m working with a music director or working with a composer to write something new and then to premier it and record it. That, to me, is totally exciting."
And that is just what she has done: championed the works of modern and living composers. The list of new music she has premiered is long, including works by David Baker, John Corigliano, Nathan Currier, Roddy Ellias, Karl Amadeus Hartmann, Jennifer Higdon, Arvo Part, Manuel Maria Ponce, Somei Satoh, Teddy Shapiro, Joseph Schwantner, and Ezequiel Viñao.
Besides being the inspiration for Schwantner's "Angelfire," Meyers also has inspired Japanese composer Satoh, who wrote his Violin Concerto for Meyers, "I’m a huge fan of his piece for violin and piano entitled Birds in Warped Time II." She gave the piece its premiere in Japan.
She also has worked with Argentinian composer Viñao.
She also feels strongly about Concerto Funebre by Karl Amadeus Hartmann.
"I just absolutely went bonkers playing that piece," Meyers said. "It’s so beautiful and dark. It’s almost like the sun when it just comes out from the clouds, finally, and you just feel bathed in light. The ending is so stunning. Rostropovich had just died when I played that, and also a very good friend of mine who used to run my website -- a young man who died tragically. I just kind of absorbed myself in that music, and it was just kind of very cathartic in a lot of ways." Meyers has yet to make a recording of the Hartmann.
"I’m always looking at composers – compositions they’re sending me," Meyers said,
Meyers is now playing on a violin that she owns herself: the 1730 "Royal Spanish" Stradivarius, once owned by the king of Spain.
"I've had it couple of years now," Meyers said. "I was very lucky to find this violin, and this owner, who’s passed away now. She was very particular about who she would sell her collection to, even though this violin belonged to her deceased husband. It went through a dealer in New York. She heard me play at Carnegie Hall, knew my music, and we just had to agree on the price."
"I’ve performed on Guarneris and other Strads -- almost every album I’ve recorded is with a different violin," Meyers aid. "I never loved returning the instrument. It’s like having your left arm amputated. You’ve just inserted your personality into this violin for two, three years, and they say, 'We want it back now.'"
Meyers also uses a Peccatte bow. "You do flip out when you find a perfect bow," she said. "I would die without that Peccatte. It’s my life blood. But I would love to find another bow, to alternate. It’s been this crazy process, just try, try, try. You start to think, okay, I am just too picky? But nothing compares to my Peccatte, and to be able to buy it -- there’s my Mercedes 500 SL, right there."
It's funny, to think that a violin costs that much, but also a serious problem for young violinists.
"It’s really a tough choice today for a lot of young artists," Meyers said. "Do I put a roof over my head, or do I buy a good violin?
I asked Meyers how much she practices, and she said about two hours a day.
"When I have a lot going on, it will be three, but I just physically can’t handle it," Meyers said. " I don’t like sitting so much, I don’t like staring at a stand. I’m very aware, on a beautiful day outside, you’re inside in a dark room. It just feels wrong.”
Though life can't be all violin, all the time, the discipline of practice can be calming.
"It does give you a centering feeling," Meyers said. "A lot of times, when there’s just absolute chaos going in my life, then I finally sit down for half an hour -- I can exhale."
Last night my daughter and I went to Disney Hall in Los Angeles to see a good college friend of mine, Tricia Ahern, play in a Baroque ensemble called Tafelmusik, out of Toronto.
My friend and I had played together in a string quartet in college, working up serious music for coaching sessions and also schlepping all over the greater Chicago area, playing fancy wedding receptions, a party in someone's yard under a fruit tree... all kinds of crazy gigs.
Though she and I did a lot of slogging through gig music, I always noticed what a natural feel Tricia had with Baroque music (as did the teachers and other students); she just knew how to make sense of it. She went on to study Baroque violin with Stanley Ritchie at Indiana University, and six years ago she joined Tafelmusik. My conclusion is that she's found a group of people who all have the same kind of sensitivity and natural love for this kind of music.
I've not specifically studied Baroque music and period instrument practice, nor am I well-versed in the many recordings made by period ensembles. But after last night I want to be! These guys made Baroque music look funner than rock 'n' roll. Beyond that... now brace for something controversial, V.commies: they made playing without a shoulder rest look like the breeziest, happiest way possible to play. This from a staunch Wolf wearer.
They moved together, and they moved a lot. This visual aspect of the performance gave it feeling of fluidity and complemented the ebb and flow of the Baroque style. They all seemed to have mastered a comfortable exchange between the left hand and shoulder, and while they were much more physically mobile, bobbing their heads and turning to look at one another. But I noticed that when a player turned his or her head and looked away, the fiddle stayed over on the shoulder. The fiddle stayed quite steady.
They played works by Bach, Vivaldi, Handel and a lovely oboe concerto in d minor by Alessandro Marcello which put that pillowy Baroque sound to good use: the perfect cushion over which to lay an oboe solo.
After the concert, I went backstage to catch up with my old friend. Actually, we talked about that; even though we've been friends 22 years, somehow we're both celebrating our 24th birthdays within a month of each other. ;)
She showed me her Baroque violin, with its straighter and shorter fingerboard, and her Baroque bow, made by Ralph Ashmead. I told her all about the numerous V.com Shoulder Rest Wars, and asked her about what technical adjustments she makes when playing rest-less. She has studied, and played, extensively, using both techniques. And she had some great advice, especially about shifting.
“Show me!" I said.
She also mentioned a "Perlman style" philosophy of shifting, which reminded me of the Ricci glissando technique...
Let me add, she said that when she plays modern violin, she uses a shoulder rest. So she has cultivated both techniques. I'd endorse that idea. Thanks, Tricia!
By the way, here's a cute video of their group. Tricia also mentioned that they offer a Baroque Summer Institute in Toronto, aimed at advanced students, pre-professional and professional musicians. It sounded like an ideal grown-up summer camp for the serious amateur or the professional musician needing a Baroque boost!
Hear more from the world's top violinists in The Violinist.com Interviews: Volume 1, which includes our exclusive conversations with Joshua Bell, Sarah Chang, and David Garrett, and others, as well as a foreword by Hilary Hahn.
Smiling as he spoke, Steinhardt offered his suggestions with clarity and appeal, in language both efficient and richly meaningful.
Laurie Niles is from Pasadena, California. Biography
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